A QA (Quality Assurance) specilaist is a technology professional responsible for verifying that a system is running as expected. In addition, they also find and prevent code bugs. For this reason, these professionals are usually quite detail-oriented, in addition to having other very specific skills.
To explain how to become a QA specilaist and the possibilities that this professional has, we’ve interviewed Rafael Barella, Agile Lead at Venturus. Check it out!
Did you know that there are QA specilaists with different specialties? Therefore, in addition to having a basic understanding of the concept of testing itself, it is worth understanding in which area of development you want to work. At Venturus, for example, we have some QA specilaists focused on the mobile development and others on desktop systems. Interesting, right?
Additionaly, “in a very large team, where there are different testing groups, you have several people testing different aspects of a software or app in question”, from backend to the interface.
But you don’t have to define yourself right away! With hybrid systems, it is possible to navigate between worlds. However, if you already have a preference, it will be easier when you start studying.
Knowledge to become a QA specilaist
To become a QA specilaist, it is interesting to have some basic knowledge in programming languages. In addition, it is good to have at least intermediate English knowledge — after all, many of the tools used in the technology field are available only in this language.
Don’t know any programming languages yet? No problem! You can start your studies in programming logic, a knowledge that will help a lot when it comes to learning almost any language.
Now, if you have already mastered the necessary languages for the field in which you want to act as a QA specilaist, you can start studying basic testing concepts, such as:
- why testing is important;
- testing processes;
- test cases;
- testing techniques.
Rafael complements our suggestions, explaining that an essential point to become a QA specilaist is “to understand about the analyzed system and have programming notions to be able to operate the tools. Python, for example, is widely used to develop tests.”
And you can study it on your own! Systems Analysis and Telecommunications university courses can give a basis, but our Agile Lead reminds us that “there are many Test certifications that are globally recognized”.
In fact, he rates certification as ideal for those who want to start this career and recommends ISTQB, a very complete certificate for those who want to become QA specilaists.
In this journey to understand how to become a QA specilaist, another point that deserves attention are automated tests. They are made through tools and make the routine of this profession much more practical. So, it’s important to study about how they work and the tools on which these automations run, ok?
Good communication is crucial
For those wondering how to become a QA specilaist, this journey goes far beyond theoretical studies and Rafael explains why: “knowledge is worth a lot, but behavior will help put it in practice”.
As aQA specilaist, you will need to have a good relationship with everyone on your team, especially developers. Your communication will need to be very assertive and empathetic — that is, you will have to be a person who speaks and listens well.
In addition, all reports and defects need to be very well documented, to show that the “problem” is in the code and not in the coder. At the end of the day, the defect is “not an affront”, but a contribution for better results — this needs to be super clear and transparent in the way you communicate.
Anyone who works with tests also needs to have a lot of patience, alright? They will receive a lot of information and will need to create a script, as if it were a story divided into several sections from the expectations of the client (or another stakeholder). “These are what we call test cases”, and they need to be carefully applied to ensure the best results.
Curiosity is caring
Finally, it is worth remembering that QA specilaists need to be curious. Rafael explains that the list of requirements — the expected software features — is not always enough to identify all of the necessary tests.
Therefore, a Test Analyst needs to think about who is going to use this product and investigate what path they may want to take in the application. “We can never expect the user to behave as planned.”
Therefore, knowing how to feed curiosity and interest in what you are testing is one of the great answers of our Agile Lead to our question today: “how to become a QA specilaist?”. Really, one has to be a real “Sherlock Holmes”.
Want to know what an app supports? Or how many simultaneous hits can a website handle? Do you want to break a code to make it even better? If your curiosity speaks volumes and your answer is “yes” to any of these questions, you’re well on your way to working with tests.
Now that you know how to become a QA specilaist, how about taking advantage of this match between you and the Test Analyst profile to sign up to receive our opportunities first hand? Take advantage, too, to follow us on LinkedIn to know whenever fresh content appears here.